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Burgos

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Burgos, a city in Castilla-Leon situated in the Pilgrim's Road to Santiago de Compostela, still preserves important vestiges of its medieval splendour. The city, which was the capital of the unified kingdom of Castilla-Leon for five centuries, boasts a masterpiece of Spanish Gothic architecture: the cathedral of Burgos, declared World Heritage. Aside from a visit to the historic quarter, declared of Cultural Interest, you can take a quite interesting walk along the banks of the Duero and Arlanza rivers. Great places to approach a delicious, varied cuisine.

The city of Burgos, crossed by the Arlanzón River, is a few kilometres away from the prehistoric site of Atapuerca, which was declared World Heritage. A military hamlet in its origins, the city slowly became a powerful commercial city in the Middle Ages. A critical factor in this development was that Burgos was the capital of the unified kingdom of Castilla-Leon between the 10th and 15th centuries, its privileged location on the Pilgrim's Road to Santiago de Compostela and the monopoly it held over the trade of merino wool, also contributed. All that splendour left a profound mark on present-day Burgos.On the foothill of the fortified Castle Hill, which has the best views of the city, the medieval quarter unfolds. Some of the remarkable buildings of this place include the Mudejar Arch of San Esteban and the Gothic church by the same name, which houses the Reredos Museum. Another important temple is the one devoted to San Nicolás, where you can see a magnificent polychromatic alabaster reredos.

World Heritage

But beyond all doubt, the architectural masterpiece of Burgos is the cathedral, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Erected on top a Romanesque temple, the cathedral was built following a Norman French Gothic model. The filigree work in the spires of the towers and in the exterior of the High Constable Chapel, are some of the masterpieces found in this cathedral. Such beauty and incredible genius lead to a long list of exceptional works of art in its interior. These include the starry dome that covers the tombs of El Cid and Doña Jimena, the choir, the sarcophagi and the Golden Staircase, built by Spanish architect and sculptor Diego de Siloé, a prominent figure during the Spanish Renaissance.

Beautiful examples of civil architecture include Casa de Miranda, which houses the Burgos Museum, with an important collection of archaeologic artefacts and Casa de Angulo, which houses the Museum of Fine Arts. The most remarkable house, however, is Casa del Cordón, where the Catholic Monarchs received Christopher Columbus after he returned from his second trip to the New World.

To both ends of the historic quarter of Burgos you will find important buildings. In the west end lays the Royal Monastery of Huelgas Reales, with an impressive Gothic cloister and the famous Chapel of Saint James the Apostle. Next to it is the Museo de Ricas Telas, a textile museum that exhibits, among other things, the historic banner that was snatched from the Arabs in the Battle of Navas de Tolosa, in 1212. East of the capital, in the Carthusian monastery of Miraflores, is an amazing polychromatic reredos, among other works of art. The legend is that this reredos was plated with the first shipment of gold that arrived after the Discovery of America.

What to see in the destination

  • Burgos cathedral
  • Monastery of Santa María Real de las Huelgas
  • Fadrique de Basilea Book Museum
  • Santa María Arch
  • Cartuja de Miraflores Monastery
  • Casa del Cordón House

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BiCiBUR Rent Bikes is a service oriented visitor approaching Burgos and demand to have bicycles to explore the city in terms of the time allocated for it is a holiday or not, and without wasting time searching to.

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Information

Centro de Recepción de Visitantes de Burgos (CITUR).
Calle Nuño Rasura, 7.
9003. Burgos. (Castilla y León)
Web
E-mail

Oficina de Información Turística de Burgos.
Plaza Alonso Martínez, 7.
9003. Burgos. (Castilla y León)
Web
E-mail

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